A group of lawmakers, businesses and University of Minnesota officials arenâÄôt focused on the stateâÄôs current budget mess. TheyâÄôre preparing for decades to come.
Despite a looming $5 billion budget deficit, Rep. Tim Mahoney, DFL-St. Paul, is pushing a bill that would add funding to a science and technology program he hopes will spur long-term innovation in Minnesota.
Currently, Minnesota ranks 42nd nationally in entrepreneurial activity and 39th in non-industry research investment, according to an Information Technology and Innovation Foundation report.
Mahoney and others involved realize itâÄôs tough to focus on the future when the present is so dire, but they say investment now is crucial. Today, theyâÄôll have 15 minutes to convince the House Taxes Committee that re-appropriating state taxes to fund the venture is the right thing to do.
âÄúThe great Wayne Gretzky âÄ¦ says, âÄòyou donâÄôt look where the puck is, you look where the puckâÄôs going to be,âÄô and I think that this is the bill that fits the Gretsky description,âÄù said Rep. Greg Davids, R-Preston, a co-author. âÄúYeah, we have a tough time today, but what this bill could do for tomorrow is well worth the effort.âÄù
Last session, Mahoney sponsored legislation that created the Minnesota Science and Technology Authority. The organization is designed to help secure federal funding, promote collaboration across the public and private sectors, and grant funding to fledgling entrepreneurs.
âÄúI have to get people to look beyond the immediate,âÄù Mahoney said. âÄúI have to do that. ThatâÄôs what my job is.âÄù
Last week, University Vice President for Research Tim Mulcahy testified before the Legislature in support of the Authority. He and Medical Devices Center Director Arthur Erdman are two University representatives that sit on the organizationâÄôs 18-member advisory committee.
Along with extensive planning and research, making the organization effective requires state funding.
This yearâÄôs legislation requests an annual maximum of $25 million from the state via a redirected tax currently imposed on the yearly profit gains made by high- tech companies.
Mahoney estimated that the tax would capture about $7 million in 2012 and roughly $18 million the following year for the Authority.
If funding is available, the group plans to plow about $10 million annually into technology commercialization, securing federal grants, helping entrepreneurs and funding internships for students over the next decade.
âÄúIf we can get some funding, those are the type of activities that would start strengthening the awareness of how many little diamonds in the rough the state of Minnesota has,âÄù said Deb Newberry, an advisory committee member. âÄúTheyâÄôre laying all over; weâÄôve just got to find them and polish them up a little bit.âÄù
The authorityâÄôs work would also translate into direct benefits for the University, especially the struggling Office of Technology Commercialization.
Technology disclosures at the OTC have remained flat since fiscal year 2005, and royalties from a novel AIDS treatment called Ziagen will expire in 2013.
In fiscal year 2010, money from the drug made up roughly 90 percent of the OTCâÄôs $95 million in gross revenue.
Although OTC Executive Director Jay Schrankler called his domain âÄúone of the more talented offices in the country,âÄù he and other officials, including those involved with the Authority, say collaboration is the key to success.
To Newberry, a nanotechnology professor at Dakota County Technical College, the next step for the Authority is all about âÄúcommunication and collaboration.âÄù
By partnering with other businesses, academia and the state, entrepreneurs have access to a full range of services.
âÄúWe canâÄôt be the Einstein of states or anything, but there are clearly areas that the University of Minnesota âÄ¦ and MnSCU and companies within the state are very strong in,âÄù Newberry said.
Coupled with the angel investor tax credit passed last session, Mahoney hopes this legislation will stop companies from leaving the state for more favorable economic climates.
But Minnesota is âÄúlate to the game,âÄù Authority Executive Director Betsy Lulfs said.
More than 30 states have similar programs and some have been in place for more than 50 years, she said.
Erdman pointed to countless examples of technology invented in Minnesota crossing state lines because attractive incentives drew companies away.
âÄúWeâÄôve had at least six visits from Japan to the Medical Devices Center,âÄù he said. âÄúTheyâÄôre not here to shake our hands, theyâÄôre here to learn what weâÄôre doing and take those lessons away and try to beat us.âÄù
Mahoney has brought a similar sense of urgency to Gov. Mark DaytonâÄôs staff and his compatriots in the Legislature.
ItâÄôs been difficult for some lawmakers to look beyond the cuts that would have to be made if tax revenue is redirected to fund the proposal, Mahoney said, adding that in the current legislative climate, any tax increase to fund the program would be a non-starter.
Regardless of the short-term struggles with passing the bill, MinnesotaâÄôs problems âÄìâÄì like the legislationâÄôs focus âÄìâÄì are long term.
Structural budget shortfalls will plague the state long into the future unless major adjustments are made, state economist Tom Stinson said.
According to the stateâÄôs February economic forecast, once the Legislature solves MinnesotaâÄôs $5 billion deficit, theyâÄôll be grappling with a $4.4 billion shortfall for the following biennium.
âÄúThe budget shortfall problem isnâÄôt going to go away automatically,âÄù Stinson said. âÄúWeâÄôre not going to wake up some morning and find that weâÄôve grown our way out.âÄù