Georges causes housing problem in Puerto Rico

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) — At a shelter in Puerto Rico last week, Hillary Rodham Clinton spoke of a $39 million dollar U.S. grant to rebuild hurricane-ravaged homes.
But two weeks after Hurricane Georges pummeled this U.S. territory, thousands still languish in schools, community centers and the homes of family and friends — and her pledge looks like a drop in the bucket.
The cost of getting the homeless into homes will be far greater than virtually anyone had imagined, probably well beyond $1 billion. And U.S. taxpayers are sure to foot most of the bill.
“We’re talking megabucks,” said Michael Colon, the Caribbean coordinator for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Officials originally estimated overall property damage to the island — including roads, public buildings, parks, beaches — at $2 billion, a figure now believed to be underestimated.
So far, the effort to solve the homeless crisis has been accompanied by confusion. Officials still don’t know how many homeless there are — or how to give them homes.
Aside from killing three people on the island, Georges destroyed nearly 30,000 houses and damaged at least another 60,000, the local housing department estimates. Those left homeless can receive up to $25,000 from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, as well as $13,500 to buy new appliances and furniture.
Puerto Rico authorities now say the FEMA program, which would allow residents to rebuild their wood and zinc homes, may be ill-advised because it will leave new homes as vulnerable to hurricanes as the old ones.
Gov. Pedro Rosello instead wants federal block grants that, combined with money from Puerto Rico’s local budget, would subsidize more expensive cement homes located out of harm’s way.
Under his plan, hurricane victims would purchase houses worth $65,000 for $15,000, with mortgage payments of about $100 per month.
“Even though this has been a disaster for Puerto Rico, we should look at this as an opportunity to build something better than what we had before,” explained Puerto Rico’s housing secretary, Ana Carmen Alemany.
The plan was presented to Housing Secretary Andrew Cuomo when he arrived in Puerto Rico last week with Mrs. Clinton.
“We are banking on having Secretary Cuomo going back to President Clinton and (FEMA director) James Lee Witt and expressing to them support for this program,” Alemany said.
In the meantime, 15,000 Puerto Rican hurricane victims remain holed up in shelters. More are staying with friends and relatives, though no one knows exactly how many.
Concrete decisions on solving their long-term plight have taken a back seat to the immediate need to restore water and electricity and provide temporary shelter.
“As of now, there is no program yet,” admitted Bessie Figueroa, the Puerto Rico Housing Department’s liaison to FEMA.
Meanwhile, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is crisscrossing the island to replace damaged roofs. The island’s housing department is providing $1,000 vouchers to purchase building materials. The city of San Juan is handing out $500 checks for groceries.
“We can’t wait for the federal government,” said San Juan Mayor Sila Calderon.
Mayor Calderon said most of Georges’ homeless represent “the other face of Puerto Rico”: unwed mothers, welfare recipients, the unemployed, those in homes most vulnerable to disaster.
“These are people who are still waiting to participate in the development we’ve had over the past 50 years,” she said.